Decentralized, highly responsive, and fully networked: this might be a description of blockchain technology but it could also apply to the logistics industry. In order for goods to travel around the globe quickly, smoothly, and to reach their destinations safely and on time, many companies, freight service providers, sub-contractors, and transport specialists have to work in concert.
“Every time a product changes from one logistics service provider to the next, innumerable pieces of ¬information have to be checked and passed on,” says Jan C. Rode of the Logistics Initiative Hamburg, an association of logistics companies and research institutions in the northern German port city. “Each of these companies in turn has its own data processing systems, its own documentation processes, and software solutions.”
Blockchain closes the gap
Unified standards are still the “missing link” in the logistics business. Misalignments between service providers and port authorities – and even bureaucratic differences between nations – can cause unnecessary delays, mistakes, and breaks in the chain. Rode is one of several coordinators within an initiative that hopes to change all that.
The Hansebloc blockchain project brings together four logistics companies, four IT companies, and researchers from two Hamburg universities, in a consortium that receives financial support from the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Quite simply, he explains, “We want to visualize, simplify and, where possible, automate all these data flows using blockchain solutions.” In future, a consignment would be covered by a “smart contract” that could navigate all the obstacles along the way.