In the first half of 2019, Germany was able to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions from power production by 15 percent year on year. CO2 levels fell from 136 million to 116 million tons.
There were a number of reasons for the decrease. Favorable weather conditions allowed Germany to cover its energy needs to a record degree with renewables, and relatively warm temperatures lowered heating needs.
The EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) also played a role by making coal-generated power less attractive.
“Rising costs for (ETS) CO2 allowances in combination with fallen prices at the electricity exchange make lignite increasingly unprofitable,” Bruno Burger, professor at Fraunhofer Institute of Solar Energy Systems, told tageszeitung newspaper.
Germany aims to get 65 percent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030 as part of its policy of transitioning from fossil and nuclear to sustainable power generation.