Two billion euros is no small chunk of change. So the German government’s decision in 2020 to invest that sum in quantum computing is a clear indication of where it believes the future lies. Quantum computers can perform calculations at far greater speeds than conventional ones. And that’s fueled hopes that many vital research experiments – which would otherwise be conducted in costly and time-consuming laboratory settings – can now be fully simulated.
The billion-euro investment package for the development and construction of quantum computers comes from the government’s economic stimulus and crisis management package. The first milestone of the new initiative was the publication of their “Roadmap Quantum Computing” in January 2021.
“The roadmap shows what it takes to transfer the excellence of basic research into the application phase through close cooperation between the private sector and academia,” says Professor Stefan Filipp, one of the two chairpersons of the government’s Quantum Computing Expert Council. “Germany and Europe must act now, because the search for ever more computing power is picking up steam, and the US’ technology giants and start-ups have already grabbed some of the pole positions.”